Careless use of any firearm can be dangerous.
The warnings and instructions in this manual should be read thoroughly so that
you might fully understand how to properly use your SKS rifle.
Accidental discharge can occur from
careless handling and could cause serious injury, death or damage to property.
SKS RIFLES SHOULD BE CLEANED THOROUGHLY
PRIOR TO USE.
Use only 7.62x39mm ammunition in your SKS
rifle. Never attempt to use ammunition of any other caliber in your gun. Use
only new manufactured ammunition that is of high quality and in good condition.
Never use remanufactured or hand loaded
(reloaded) ammunition or ammunition that is faulty, incorrect or non-standard,
as both the manufacturer and the importer of this firearm specifically disclaim
responsibility for any damage or injury whatsoever occurring in connection with
or as the result of the use of such ammunition with this firearm.
History of the SKS
The concept of the assault rifle began with
the Soviets in the early 1900's. Later, during World War I, Vladimir Federov
introduced the Federov 1916 Automatic Rifle, which fired a 6.5x50.5 SR Japanese
cartridge. At this time this cartridge was thought to be the best for use in
rapid firing rifles. These guns were used toward the end of the 1914-18 war and
the Russo-Finnish war of 1939-40.
During world war II the Russians were
needed for the "Avtomat" increased, and they adopted use of a
7.62x39mm cartridge. The weapon created by S.G. Simonov to fire this cartridge
was the SKS-45 (Samozaryadni Karabin Simonova) a self loading carbine, which was
scaled down version of the 14.5x111.8mm PRTS anti- tank rifle. The SKS-45 was
easy to field strip and maintain and was quite popular.
At the same time, M.T. Kalashnikov was
working on designing a series of small arms, which would also use the 7.62x39mm
cartridge. He was successful, and developed one of the best known military
weapons of our time, the AK-47 (Avtomat Kalashnikova) in 1947.
The AK-47 was the prototype for many
subsequent versions, and the Chinese manufactured SKS Type 56 rifle is a direct
derivative of Kalashnikov's design. At the conclusion of World War II, the
People's Republic of China inherited many of these Soviet weapons from the
Japanese (The Japanese had seized them in Manchuria.).
During the Chinese civil war, the PRC
began making this equipment, and by wars end were well on their way to
standardizing production of these Soviet-type small arms.
In recent years, the PRC has been
producing the 7.62x39mm Type 68, the 7.62x 39mm Type 67, the 7.62x25mm Type 64,
and the SKS Type 56 with the distinguishing folding bayonet.
The SKS-56 was encountered frequently
during the Vietnam war.
As a military weapon, the SKS rifle is
only used by frontier forces, however it remains ever popular with American
sportsman as a hunting weapon, and as always with collectors and firearms
Specifications of the SKS
7.62 x 39mm
Length: 40.20 inches
Barrel: 20.5 inches, 4
groove, R.H. Twist
Magazine: 10-round fixed
Aiming range: 0.621 mile or 1 kilometer
The SKS rifle consists of 11
main parts. (figure1)
1. Recoil Spring Assembly
2. Receiver Cover
5. Gas Tube/Handguard Assembly
8. Trigger Group
11. Cleaning Rod
The Basic SKS Accessories.(figure2)
1. Cleaning Rod Head
4. Oil Can
5. Accessory Case
6. Muzzle cap
7. Gasport Cleaning Tool
Operating the SKS:
Instructions for Loading
(ALWAYS BE CONSCIOUS OF MUZZLE POSITION!!)
1. Flip the safety to the "ON"
position. (figure 3)
2. Pull charging handle on bolt carrier back
until the action locks open.
3. Load with either single rounds or stripper
clips. (figure4). Again
remain conscious of muzzle position.
4. Pull charging handle back and let the bolt
carrier fly forward to chamber the first round.
5. The rifle is now loaded.
Instructions for Firing(ALWAYS
REMAIN CONSCIOUS OF MUZZLE POSITION!!)
1. Aim rifle down range.
2. Release the safety.
3. Place the finger inside trigger guard on
4. Pull the trigger. Instruction for after
firing (ALWAYS REMAIN CONSCIOUS OF MUZZLE POSITION!!)
When the gun is fired, gas
pressure is extracted from the spent cartridges, and they are ejected. New
rounds are then
automatically fed until
all rounds are gone, or the shooter stops firing.
When finished firing, lock
back the bolt and always engage the safety before unloading unused shells.
Instructions for Unloading:(ALWAYS
REMAIN CONSCIOUS OF MUZZLE POSITION!!)
1. If bolt was locked back, rifle should be
2. Visually inspect the magazine and chamber
to confirm that gun is empty.
3. If unsure whether empty, immediately place
the safety in the "ON" position.
4. Release the magazine cover by pulling back
the magazine cover latch.(figure5)
5. Any unexpended rounds will now be freed
from the magazine.
6. Now, lock the magazine cover back in
7. Next, pull back the charging handle to the
rear and extract and eject the live round in the chamber. The bolt stop will
automatically lock the bolt carrier back.
8. Again visually inspect the weapon.
SKS Disassembly and Assembly
1. Take out all the accessories. With a
finger, press in on the cover of the accessory chamber on the butt plate and
take the case for accessories out of the stock.(figure7)
Open the case and take out the accessories.
2. To remove the cleaning rod: Swing the
bayonet outward from the muzzle of the rifle and remove the cleaning rod. Then,
fold the bayonet back down to a "march position".
3. To remove receiver cover and recoil spring
assembly: Hold the small of the stock with your left hand, pressing with your
thumb on the rear of the receiver cover
(figure8); Rotate with the right hand the receiver cover retaining pin arm
upward to its vertical position and pull the pin out to the right as far as
possible. (figure9) Allow
receiver cover to move backward 1/2" and remove by sliding to rear.(figure10)
Remove the recoil spring from the rear of the bolt carrier. (figure11)
(Be certain to reinstall recoil spring with C Clip end forward.)
4. To remove the bolt: Pull the bolt back as
far as it will go, and remove entire assembly.(figure12)
When reinstalling bolt, be certain magazine cover is not latched.
5. To remove Gas tube/Handguard Assembly: Use
a pin punch to pry the lever located on the right of rear sight base into the
position where the camming surface located at the front is completely vertical.
(figure13) CAUTION: Further movement will allow operating rod and spring to
6. Now remove the Gas tube/Handguard
assembly, raise the handguard assembly and rock it slowly from side to side
until it can be pulled away from the gas block.(figure14)
7. The gas piston can now be pulled out of
the gas tube/Handguard assembly. NOTE: The seven steps listed are sufficient to
field-strip the rifle for cleaning and regular maintenance.
ASSEMBLY ONLY REQUIRES THAT YOU PERFORM
THE ABOVE STEPS IN REVERSE ORDER.
Cleaning the SKS:
Make a safe examination of the rifle to be
certain it is not loaded before cleaning.
To clean, begin with the rifle field
Instruction for Cleaning the rifle
1. Attach the bore brush to the cleaning rod.
2. Saturate the bore brush with gun solvent
and push though the length of barrel.(figure15)
If using corrosive primer, this step is very important to remove the
corrosive residue from the barrel of your rifle.
3. Make at least 10 passes though the barrel
from the muzzle end. The cap of the accessory tube can be used to protect the
crown of the muzzle from damage during cleaning. Use a cleaning jag or slotted
tip and push a clean dry patch through the bore. Alternate this procedure with
wet and dry patches until patches come out clean.
4. Dry the bore with a clean patch, and then
again apply a thin coat of oil to the bore with a final oil soaked patch.
5. While cleaning the bore, you should also
give the chamber area a thorough brushing as well. Use the same technique with
the patches, alternating wet and dry until the chamber is clean. Do not leave
oil residue in the chamber.
6. Clean the bolt, bolt carrier, piston,
recoil spring and receiver. A toothbrush can be used effectively for cleaning
these parts. Wipe them dry, and then coat the bearing surfaces of the bolt and
bolt carrier with a thin coat of grease. Do not pour oil into the receiver
7. Clean the gas port block area.(figure16)
Remove the gas piston from the handguard and gas cylinder assembly, and clean
thoroughly with solvent. Remove all carbon fouling, Dry with a clean rag, then
apply a light coat of oil. (gas port cleaning tool is normally not included in
basic cleaning kits, but it is available from SKS parts dealer.)
TO RE-ASSEMBLE REVERSE THE TAKE DOWN
Removing the trigger
mechanism and magazine
1. Place the safety in the "ON"
2. Release box magazine cover.
3. Use a pin punch to strike the trigger
mechanism retaining button at the rear of trigger bow.(figure17)
4. Once released, the trigger assembly can be
pulled back from the stock assembly.
5. With the trigger mechanism removed, and
the bolt locked in the open position, the magazine can be taken out of the stock
by simultaneously pulling the magazine down and to the rear.(figure18)
When reinstalling magazine be certain front
of magazine is engaged in lug on receiver.
AT THIS TIME, RECEIVER BARREL STOCK
ASSEMBLY MAY BE REMOVED
Removing Receiver and Barrel
Assembly From the Stock:
(Prior to start, remove trigger
1. Extend bayonet.
2. Lay gun on padded table upside down.
3. With right hand hold rear of receiver
assembly tightly against table with screwdriver or punch. With left hand, lift
up firmly on stock separating the two pieces.
NOTE: Crossbolt removal is not required or
ASSEMBLY REQUIRES ONLY THAT YOU PERFORM
THE ABOVE STEPS IN REVERSE ORDER
Using a front sight elevation tool, insert
the forked end of the tool into the top of the front sight hood.
Engage the tool into the flats of the front
Turn the tool counter clockwise to lower the
bullets point of impact on the target.
To raise the point of impact turn the tool
Using a small mallet and brass punch, or an
after market windage adjustment tool, windage can be adjusted by drifting the
front sight seat, in the direction desired.
From the perspective of a sight picture, move
the front sight seat in the opposite direction you want your point of impact to
shift. For example, to move the group on the target to the left, drift the front
sight seat to the right.
The rear sight is an open notch type which
is adjustable for elevation from 100 meters to 1000 meters(110-1100 yards).
There is also an all purpose "battle" setting on the sight ladder, set
for 300 meters(330 yards). This is attained by moving the elevation slide to the
rear of the ladder as far as it will go.
Mounting the Bayonet:
Begin by sliding the bayonet handle and the
bayonet spring over the tang of the spike bayonet.
Push downward on the handle until the slot
for attaching the bayonet screw is exposed.
Hold the bayonet carefully in this position
with the muzzle ring facing the muzzle of the rifle and insert the bayonet pin
with a screwdriver of proper size.
Exploded view of SKS 56
2. Handguard and gas cylinder
3. Piston extension
4. Piston return spring
5. Front sight
6. Front sight seat
7. Handguard catch
8. Bayonet screw
9. Bayonet assembly
10. Hold open latch pin
11. Hold open latch spring
Exploded view of SKS 56
12. Hold open latch
13. Receiver and Barrel
14. Takedown latch
15. Trigger guard latch
16. Latch pin
17. Rear housing
18. Bolt carrier
20. Firing pin retainer
21. Firing pin
22. Extractor spring
24. Recoil spring
25. Spring retainer
26. Large spring guide
27. Small spring guide
28. Stock assembly
29. Trigger guard spring Exploded
view of SKS 56
31. Magazine follower
32. Follower spring
33. Hinge pin
34. Magazine cover
35. Cover latch
36. Latch spring and sear spring
38. Latch stop pin
39. Trigger guard
40. Disconnector hinge assembly
41. Trigger pin
42. Safety catch
43. Safety catch spring
Exploded view of SKS 56
45. Safety catch pin
46. Trigger bar
47. Trigger bar pin
48. Trigger spring
50. Rebound Disconnector
52. Hammer strut pin
53. Hammer strut
54. Hammer spring
55. Cleaning rod
56. Buttplate Assembly
view of SKS 56
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